if we have a JSON web service response like this:
"persons"
[
{
"person"{
"firstName": "John",
     "lastName": "Smith",
     "age": 25
}
}
{
"person"{
"firstName": "Catherine",
     "lastName": "Jones",
     "age": 35
}
}
]
this response is a JSON Array with the name "persons", this array consists of "person" JSON Objects.
to parse such a reponse:
public ArrayList<Person> getMessage(String response){
  JSONObject jsonResponse;
  ArrayList<Person> arrPersons=new ArrayList<Person>;
  try {
   // obtain the reponse
   jsonResponse = new JSONObject(response);
   // get the array
   JSONArray persons=jsonResponse.optJSONArray("persons");
   // iterate over the array and retrieve single person instances
   for(int i=0;i<persons.length();i++){
    // get person object
    JSONObject person=persons.getJSONObject(i);
    // get first name
    String firstname=person.optString("firstname");
    // get last name
    String lastname=person.optString("lastname");
    // get the age
    int age=person.optInt("age");

    // construct the object and add it to the arraylist
    Person p=new Person();
    p.firstName=firstname;
    p.lastName=lastname;
    p.age=age;
    arrPersons.add(p);
   }

  } catch (JSONException e) {

   e.printStackTrace();
  }

  return arrPersons;
 }

notice that we used the methods optJSONArray,optString,optInt instead of using getString,getInt because the opt methods return empty strings or zero integers if no elements are found. while the get methods throw an exception if the element is not found.